Fear in children and how to treat it
Fear is part of human nature as it is an emotional state or a feeling of threat that affects behavior. This feeling affects the body's functions, and social responses differ according to each situation and according to many factors.
Fear of learning and awareness. Some sources of the threat must escape from them immediately, while others can be dealt with and confronted. Concern has been classified as one of the innate underlying feelings that a child is born with and provided with to protect him. This fear is called natural or rational, meaning that the child can control himself in the event of doubt, but the irrational type is The so-called terrorism, where the child freezes in his place and is unable to act. Some of the physical changes that affect him, such as increased heartbeat, rapid breathing, and redness of the body as a result of constricting blood vessels and sweating with muscle spasm, occur with fear. These symptoms occur with both healthy and pathological anxiety. There is no doubt that natural fear is desirable, but morbid fear as a neuropsychiatric disease affecting the child is the focus of our conversation now.
What is pathological fear:
It is a strong feeling of anxiety for the child's sense of danger, which affects the body's functions and is reflected organically.
Symptoms of fear in children:
Panic in the child's face and screams
Excessive sweating and inability to sleep
Lack of attention and distraction
Persistent tension and rapid breathing
Not feeling hungry and dry mouth and throat
Increased heartbeat and arterial expansion
Isolation from people
Inability to play
Reasons for fear:
Too many, some of which are natural (to protect life), such as if a child is afraid of fire so he does not come close to it or is afraid of dark places due to his ignorance of what is in it, including what is not healthy, but now what we are talking about are pathological fear and its causes:
Protecting excess parents, comparing them with other children, criticizing them, and beating them in a way that leads to continuous anxiety and hence fear.
Family problems and instability inside the home.
Physical disabilities or physical issues, such as if the child is obese, or suffers from severe shortness or height, and is criticized by others.
Child's low IQ.
Living in an environment full of anxiety and stress, the mother would be worried about anything that would make the child sick, injured, or even animals, and these fears would be transmitted from the mother to the child involuntarily as soon as he looked at her facial expressions.
The requirement for something to come up with a problem with the child, for example, was afraid of a child from touching the pots, because he had experienced a severe burning experience that occurred to him when moving one of the hot jars.
Fear of a painful or frightening accident that occurred in front of the child, as if the opinion of a car accident and the collision of one of the individuals with it, and it was a painful situation for him, he may be afraid of all cars or a specific type.
Fear can sometimes be an educated behavior by transmitting to the child the fear of someone talking about something, such as telling a child's story about a story about thieves, so the child is afraid of being alone
Loud voice with any sudden movement may remain in the mind of the child
Children are so scared of sudden loud sound
Exotic places and strange people
He is scared of pain if he has had a painful experience such as illness or treatment
Afraid of darkness, smoke and family threats
The child's fears increase his lack of self-confidence and his feeling of lack of concern from the parents and may result from the child's fear of distraction or convergence and pessimism
Watch violent and terrifying movies
Hear scary stories
And scientists have identified more than 23 causes of anxiety...
Treating fear in children:
Trying to compensate the child with the love, affection, and attention always required to handle any behavioral or psychological problem in the child
Encourage the child to talk about his feelings or fears and not suppress them, so they become repressed fears
Providing a family environment suitable for the child to develop psychologically sound
The child is not compared to others and cares for his or her feelings and appreciation
Not to laugh or mock a child
Parents calm in dealing with the child without panic or panic when exposed to any situation
Trying to address the child's fears and keeping him away from the causes of anxiety for him
Trying to control parents on themselves and ensure the safety of the child who does not practice his life for fear of falling or being injured as his parents claim in every situation.
Seeking help from a nursery or school to instill reassurance and security in the same child
Not to use intimidation and threats at home or school...